Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

PCOS is malfunction of a woman's ovaries. The three main features of PCOS are: multiple ovarian cyts (polycystic ovaries), the ovaries not regularly releasing eggs (ovulating) and high levels of "male hormones" called androgens in the body. The presence of cysts within the ovaries does not automatically imply that you have PCOS. Atleast 2 of the 3 features should to be fulfilled for the diagnosis. About 1 in 5 woman in the UK has polycystic ovaries, however more than half of these are asymptomatic. The common symptoms are irregular periods, subfertility, excessive hair growth (hirsutism), weight gain, oily skin or acne. In later life, PCOS is also associated with an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and high cholesterol levels. The exact cause of PCOS is unknown, but it often runs in families and assosiated with hormonal imbalance. Unfortunately, at present there is no permanent cure for PCOS. However, the symptoms can be treated. In addition to lifestyle alteration, special medications can help treat symptoms such as excessive hair growth, irregular periods and fertility problems. If fertility medications are ineffective, a simple surgical procedure called laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD) may be recommended. A combination of treatments is usually effective in alleviating the symptoms of PCOS. More information

Ms. Sonali Kaushik ​MBBS MRCOG

Consultant Gy naecologist & Gynaecological Oncologist