Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) constitutes the physical and behavioural symptoms that can occur in the 2 weeks leading to a woman's monthly period. The typical symptoms are bloating, breast pain, mood swings, feeling irritable and loss of interest in sex. These symptoms usually improve when the period starts. Most women between 20-40 years of age experience some degree of PMS. Approximately 1 in 20 women have symptoms severe enough to interfere with everyday life. This is called the  premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). The cause of PMS is thought to be related to alteration of hormone levels in the body during a woman's menstrual cycle. Certain lifestyle factors, such as lack of exercise, stress and a poor diet, are also thought to aggravate the symptoms of PMS. There is no definite cure for PMS, however conservative measures such as simple lifestyle changes can help relieve many symptoms. A healthy diet, regular exercise and sleep are a few measures that help. Psychological therapy or hormone medications may be indicated in more severe cases. ​More information

Ms. Sonali Kaushik ​MBBS MRCOG

Consultant Gy naecologist & Gynaecological Oncologist