Ms. Sonali Kaushik ​MBBS MRCOG

Consultant Gy naecologist & Gynaecological Oncologist

Cervical cancer

Cervical cancer develops if the cells of your cervix (the neck of your womb) start growing abnormally. Around 3,400 women in the UK are diagnosed with cervical cancer every year. The condition mainly affects sexually active women aged between 30 and 45. Most cases of cervical cancer are caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV). HPV is passed on through any type of sexual contact with a man or a woman. It may have no symptoms at all in the early stages, however abnormal bleeding between periods, after sex and after menopause is the most common symptom. Fortunately, cervical cancer is one of the few preventable cancers. Thanks to the NHS cervical cancer screening programme, deaths from cervical cancer in the UK have fallen significantly in the last 25 years. NHS offers the cervical screening (smear test) to all women above 25 years of age. It detects changes in the cells of your cervix at a pre-cancerous stage. If abnormal cells are caught early, cancer can be prevented by relatively simple procedures. Early stage cervical cancer can be treated using surgery. In some cases, it's possible to leave the womb in place, but mostly it may need to be removed. Radiotherapy is an alternative to surgery for some women with early stage cervical cancer. More advanced cases of cervical cancer are usually treated using a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy.More information